An Unofficial Checklist of the Birds of Japan
This is work in progress. Here is the preamble which contains the sources on which this lis is based. To be done: spelling check and recheck of english names and Japanese names. recheck of of subspecies; comparison BoJ, HBW, SM; check gulls, owls, and other difficult "splits". Also a comparison with the newly appeared OSJ97 has to be made: it differs with BoJ on the level of subspecies: both BoJ and OSJ77 contain subspecies that the other does not contain.

  1. Coturnix japonica Japanese Quail Uzura

  2. Bambusicola thoracica Chinese Bamboo-Partridge Kojukei
    • B. t. thoracica
    • B. t. sonorivox
    Introduced to Japan 1919 (B. t. t.) or 1931 (B.t. s.).

  3. Syrmaticus soemmerringii Copper Pheasant Yamadori
    • S. s. scintillans
    • S. s. intermedius
    • S. s. subrufus
    • S. s. soemmerringii
    • S. s. ijimae
    S. s. intermedius and S. s. subrufus might be synonymous with S. s. scintillans according to HBW.

  4. Phasianus colchicus Kourai-kiji
    • P. c. karpowi
    (Re-)introduced from Korea at various places and times since middle ages (BoJ).

  5. Phasianus versicolor Green Pheasant Kiji
    • P. v. robustipes
    • P. v. versicolor
    • P. v. tanensis
    In Sibley-Monroe treated as subspecies of P. colchicus. HBW argues for species status. BoJ mentions a fourth P. v. tohkaidi that sometimes gets included in P. v. robustipes.

  6. Lagopus mutus Rock Ptarmigan Raichou
    • L. m. japonicus
    Occurs only on the Japan Alps on Honsu.

  7. Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse Ezo-raichou
    • B. b. vicinitas
    Highly sedentary (HBW). Occurs only in Hokkaido

  8. Dendrocygna javanica Lesser Whistling-duck Ryukyu-gamo
    Present in low numbers until end of 19th century on Yaeyama Islands and Okinawa. Current status: probably extinct or higly accidental.(BoJ)

  9. Cygnus olor Mute Swan Kobu-hakuchou
    Monotypic. Population may be as high as 200 (BoJ).

  10. Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan Ou-hakuchou
    Monotypic. Wintering population about 13.000 in Januari 1988 (BoJ).

  11. Cygnus columbianus Tundra swan Ko-hakuchou
    • C. c. jankowskii
    Bewick's swan
  12. C. c. columbianus
  13. Whistling swan More than 5000 ex. of C. c. jankowoskii have been recorded during migration in Hokkaido (BoJ). Winters mainly on big lakes on Honshu. C. c. columbianus is a rare straggler

  14. Anser cygnoides Swan Goose Sakatsura-gan
    Monotypic. Currently very rare winter visitor (BoJ).

  15. Anser fabalis Bean Goose Hishikui
    • A. f. middendorffii
  16. A. f. serrirostris
  17. (Hishikui) Over 10.000 birds occurred in Miyagi-ken during the winter 1987/88 (BoJ). A. f. middendorffii winters only in small numbers at some places in Japan. In HBW three additional subspecies are listed for the whole world: A. f. rossicus, A. f. johanseni and A. f. fabalis.
    Imminent and hinted at by Sibley and Monroe is a split A. fabalis (for A. f. f., A. f. j. and A. f. m.) and A. serrirostris (for A. f. r. and A. f. s. ). Finally: it is unclear to which subspecies the name A. f. curtus in BoJ and A. f. curtus L\oumlautnnberg, 1923 in OSJ97refers. The name does not occur in HBW. Perhaps it is a synonym for A. f. j.. (inspection of the primary literature cited in BoJ might shed a light on this...)

  18. Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose Ma-gan
    • A. a. frontalis
    • A. a. gambeli
    Over 18.000 ex. A. a. frontalis occurred in Miyagi-ken during the winter 1987/88.A. a. gambeli is a straggler (BoJ).

  19. Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose Karigane
    Monotypic. Very rare winter visitor (BoJ).

  20. Anser anser Greylag Goose Haiiro-gan
    • A. a. rubrirostris
    Very rare winter visitor (BoJ).

  21. Anser indicus Bar-headed Goose Indo-gan
    Monotypic. Recent accidental: two records. (BoJ) Currently under examination by the OSJ.

  22. Anser caerulescens Snow Goose Haku-gan
    • A. c. hyperboreus
    • A. c. atlanticus
    A. c. hyperboreus was abundant until 1895 when use of firearms became widespread. Now it is a very rare winter visitor. A. c. atlanticus is a recent accidental, currently under examination by the OSJ.

  23. Anser canagica Emperor Goose Mikado-gan
    Monotypic. Accidental, one record (BoJ). Occurs as A.canagicus in OSJ97.

  24. Branta canadensis Canada Goose Shijuukara-gan
    • B. c. leucopareia
    • B. c. minima
    B. c. was a fairly common winter visitor until 1895 when use of firearms became widespread. Now it is a very rare winter visitor. B. c. leucopareia is now a very rare winter visitor. B. c. minima is an accidental, two records. (BoJ)

  25. Branta bernicla Brent Goose Koku-gan
    • B. b. orientalis
    • B. b. nigricans
    B. b. o. was a common winter visitor until 1895 when use of firearms became widespread. Now it is a uncommon and local winter visitor to three main areas. Up to 5000 birds have been recorded during fall migration in Hokkaido. (BoJ). HBW mentions the occurrence in small numbers of B. b. nigricans in Japan. This subspecies is not listed in BoJ and OSJ97.

  26. Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck Aka-tsukushi-gamo
    Monotypic. Rare but annual winter visitor to mainly southern Japan, particularly Kyushu. Accidental elsewhere. (BoJ)

  27. Tadorna cristata Crested Shelduck Kanmuri-tsukushi-gamo
    Monotypic (I presume). One certain record 1822. Presumably extinct: last Asian record was Korea 71 (BoJ). Possible record from China in 1990 (HBW).

  28. Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck Tsukushi-gamo
    Monotypic. Locally common winter visitor to Ariake Bay, Kyushu. Rare or accidental winter visitor elsewhere. (BoJ)

  29. Sarkidiornis melanotos Comb Duck Kobu-gamo
    • S. m. melanotos
    One record of a likely escapee. However wild origin is ruled out by BoJ.

  30. Nettapus coromandelianus Cotton Pygmy-goose Nankin-oshi
    • N. c. ?
    One record, Yonaguni 22-23 March 1972 by Mitsuo Imai (Yacho 319, 364) Subspecies not mentioned in BoJ. N. c. coromandelianus seems most likely. Size should be distinctive (HBW).

    remainder under revision for distribution comments this will take some time :-)

    remainder under revision this will take some time :-)

  31. Aix galericulata Mandarin Duck Oshidori

  32. Anas strepera Gadwall Okayoshi-gamo
    • A. strepera
    Monotypic, according to HBW. Listed as A. s. strepera in BoJ. Possibly because of the race couesi. This is considerd to be extinct since 1874 in HBW.

  33. Anas falcata Falcated Duck (Falcated Teal) Yoshi-gamo

  34. Anas penelope Eurasian Wigeon Hidori-gamo

  35. Anas americana American Wigeon Amerika-hidori
    Monotypic. Hybrids with A. penelope occur

  36. Anas platyrhynchos Mallard Ma-gamo
    • A. p. platyrhynchos

  37. Anas poecilorhyncha Spot-billed Duck Karu-gamo
    • A. p. zonorhyncha

  38. Anas luzonica Philippine Duck Akanodo-karugamo
    Monotypic. Two birds were observed on Kubura-mito Pond, Yonaguni on 14 March 1987 by Yasuyuki Kawasumi (Yacho 497, Strix 6 1987) and 6 April 1987 by Hiroyuki Kato (Strix 6 1987).

  39. Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler Hashibiro-gamo

  40. Anas acuta Northern Pintail Onaga-gamo
    • A. a. acuta

  41. Anas querquedula Garganey Shimaaji

  42. Anas formosa Baikal Teal Tomoe-gamo

  43. Anas crecca Common Teal Ko-gamo
    • A. c. crecca
    • A. c. caroliensis

  44. Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard Akahashi-hajiro

  45. Aythya ferina Common Pochard Hoshi-hajiro

  46. Aythya valisineria Canvasback Ou-hoshi-hajiro

  47. Aythya americana Redhead Amerika-hoshi-hajiro

  48. Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck Kubiwa-kinkuro

  49. Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Pochard Mejiro-gamo
    Monotypic. One record

  50. Aythya baeri Baer's Pochard Aka-hajiro

  51. Aythya fuligula Tufted Duck Kinkuro-hajiro

  52. Aythya marila Greater Scaup Suzu-gamo
    • A. m. ?
    Perhaps both subspecies mentioned in [HBW] occur in japan A. m. marila & A. m. mariloides.

  53. Aythya affinis Lesser Scaup Ko-suzu-gamo
    Monotypic. Three records

  54. Somateria mollissima Common Eider Hon-kewata-gamo
      S. m. ?
    Accidental: two winter records(BoJ). Likely both records concern subspecies S. m. v-nigra.

  55. Somateria spectabilis King Eider Kewata-gamo
    Monotypic. Accidental: three winter records (BoJ).

  56. Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider Ko-kewata-gamo

  57. Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck Shinori-gamo
    Monotypic according to HBW. The pacific population is sometimes (e.g. in BoJ) treated as separate subspecies H. h. pacificus. However this is doubtfully valid (HBW).

  58. Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck (Oldsquaw) Kouri-gamo

  59. Melanitta nigra Black Scoter (Common Scoter) Kuro-gamo
    • M. n. americana
    Split M. americana seems to be the modern view (eg. UK400 club)

  60. Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter Aranami-kinkuro

  61. Melanitta fusca White-winged Scoter (Velvet Scoter) Biroudo-kinkuro
    • M. f. stejnegeri

  62. Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye Houjiro-gamo
    • B. c. clangula

  63. Bucephala albeola Bufflehead Hime-hajiro

  64. Mergellus albellus Smew Miko-aisa

  65. Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser Umi-aisa

  66. Mergus squamatus Scaly-sided Merganser (Chinese merganser) Kourai-aisa
    Monotypic. After the first record for Japan (Ito 1988), there has been a few records in every winter, mainly from western Japan

  67. Mergus merganser Common Merganser (Goosander) Kawa aisa
    • M. m. merganser

    remainder under revision (checking against species/subspecies in HBW234) this will take some time :-)

  68. Turnix suscitator Barred Buttonquail Mifu-uzura
    • T. s. okinavensis

  69. Jynx torquilla Eurasian Wryneck Arisui
    • J. t. japonica

  70. Dendrocopos kizuki Pygmy Woodpecker Ko-gera
    • D. k. ijimae
    • D. k. seebohmi
    • D. k. matsudairai
    • D. k. shikokuensis
    • D. k. kizuki
    • D. k. kotataki
    • D. k. amamii
    • D. k. nigrescens
    • D. k. orii

  71. Dendrocopos minor Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Ko-aka-gera

  72. Dendrocopos leucotos White-backed Woodpecker Ou-akagera
    • D. l. subcirris
    • D. l. stejnegeri
    • D. l. namiyei
    • D. l. owstoni

  73. Dendrocopos major Great Spotted Woodpecker Aka-gera
    • D. m. japonicus
    • D. m. hondoensis

  74. Picoides tridactylus Three-toed Woodpecker (Eurasian or Norther Three-toed Woodpecker). Miyubi-gera
    • P. t. inouyei
    • P. t. tianschanicus
    P.t.t is indistiguishable from P.t.i according to Vaury (see BoJ)

  75. Dryocopus javensis White-bellied Woodpecker Kitataki
    • D. j. richardsi
    Extinct in Japan

  76. Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker Kuma-gera

  77. Picus awokera Japanese Woodpecker (Japanese Green Woodpecker) Ao-gera
    • P. a. awokera
    • P. a. horii
    • P. a. takatsukasae

  78. Picus canus Grey-faced Woodpecker (Grey-headed Woodpecker) Yamagera
    • P. c. yessoensis

  79. Sapheopipo noguchii Okinawa Woodpecker (Pryer's Woodpecker) Noguchi-gera

  80. Upupa epops Eurasian Hoopoe (Hoopoe) Yatsugashira
    • U. e. saturata

  81. Eurystomus orientalis Dollarbird (Broad-billed roller) Buppousou
    • E. o. calonyx

  82. Alcedo atthis Common Kingfisher Kawasemi
    • A. a. bengalensis

  83. Halcyon coromanda Ruddy Kingfisher Aka-shoubin
    • H. c. major
    • H. c. bangsi

  84. Halcyon smyrnensis White-throated Kingfisher Ao-shoubin
    One was video recorded by Tomoko and Yoji Kagawa on 28 April 1994 on Nagura, Ishigaki for the first record in Japan (Yacho 574, Strix 13).

  85. Halcyon pileata Black-capped Kingfisher Yama-shoubin

  86. Todiramphus chloris Collared Kingfisher Nanyou-shoubin
    Two records

  87. Todirhamphus cinnamominus Miyako Kingfisher Miyako-shoubin
    • T. c. miyakoensis
    Extinct. One record. WSBJ treats it as full species Halcyon m., whereas as Brazil is skeptic: Even mislabeling is possible...

  88. Megaceryle lugubris Crested Kingfisher (Greater Pied Kingfisher) Yamasemi
    • M. l. pallida
    • M. l. lugubris
    Occurs as Ceryle l. in Brazil.

  89. Merops ornatus Rainbow Bee-eater (Australian Bee-eater) Hachikui
    One record

  90. Clamator coromandus Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Kanmuri-kakkou
    Records since 1974

  91. Cuculus fugax Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo Juuichi
    • C. f. hyperythrus

  92. Cuculus micropterus Indian Cuckoo (Short-winged Cuckoo) Seguro-kakkou
    • C. m. micropterus
    Less than ten records

  93. Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo (Eurasian Cuckoo) Kakkou
    • C. c. telephonus

  94. Cuculus saturatus Oriental Cuckoo Tsutsudori
    • C.s. horsefieldi

  95. Cuculus poliocephalus Lesser Cuckoo Hototogisu
    • C. p. poliocephalus

  96. Surniculus lugubris Drongo Cuckoo Ouchuu-kakkou
    One record

  97. Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail Hario-amatsubame
    • H. c. caudacutus

  98. Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift (White-rumped or Pacific Swift) Amatsubame
    • A. p. pacificus
    • A. p. kurodae
    A. p. kurodae is not mentioned by Chantler and Driessens

  99. Apus nipalensis Little Swift (House Swift) Hime-amatsubame
    • A. n. subfurcatus
    A. affinis s. according Brazil

  100. Tyto longimembris Eastern Grass-Owl (Grass Owl) Higashi-men-fukurou
    One record 14 May 1975 on Iriomote (YL, Kobayashi 1980, BOJ): Brazil calls it T. capensis

  101. Otus scops Common Scops-Owl Konoha-zuku
    • O. s. japonicus
    Otus sunia in Brazil.

  102. Otus elegans Elegant Scops-Owl Ryukyu-konoha-zuku
    • O. e. elegans
    • O. e. interpositus

  103. Otus bakkamoena Collared Scops-Owl Ou-konoha-zuku
    • O. b. semitorques
    • O. b. ussuriensis
    • O. b. pryeri

  104. Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Northern Eagle Owl) Washi-mimizuku
    • B. b. kiautschensis
    • B. b. borissowi

  105. Ketupa blakistoni Blakiston's Fish-Owl Shima-fukurou
    • K. b. blakistoni

  106. Nyctea scandiaca Snowy Owl Shiro-fukurou

  107. Strix uralensis Ural Owl Fukurou
    • S. u. fuscescens
    • S. u. japonica
    • S. u. hondoensis
    • S. u. momiyamae
    Last three subspecies form perhaps one subspecies

  108. Strix nebulosa Great Grey Owl Karafuto-fukurou
    Anticipated species in Brazil: when has it been added?

  109. Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl (Tengmalm's Owl) Kinme-fukurou
    • A. f. pallens

  110. Ninox scutulata Brown Hawk-Owl Aoba-zuku
    • N. s. japonica = scutulata
    • N. s. macroptera
    • N. s. totogo
    Status subspecies unclear

  111. Asio otus Long-eared Owl Torafu-zuku
    • A. o. otus

  112. Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl Ko-mimi-zuku
    • A. f. flammeus

  113. Caprimulgus indicus Grey Nightjar (Jungle Nightjar) Yotaka
    • C. i. jotaka

  114. Columba livia Rock Dove Dobato
    Not in OSJ97

  115. Columba oenas Stock Pigeon (Stock Dove) Hime-mori-bato
    Records since 1984

  116. Columba janthina Japanese Wood-Pigeon Karasu-bato
    • C. j. janthina
    • C. j. stejnegeri
    • C. j. nitens
    C. j. nitens is extinct since early 1980s

  117. Columba versicolor Bonin Wood-Pigeon Ogasawara-karasu-bato
    Extinct, 1889

  118. Columba jouyi Ryukyu Pigeon Ryukyu-karasu-bato
    Extinct, 1936

  119. Streptopelia orientalis Oriental Turtle-Dove (Rufous Turtle-Dove) Kiji-bato
    • S. o. orientalis
    • S. o. stimpsoni

  120. Streptopelia tranquebarica Red Collared-Dove (Red Turtle Dove) Beni-bato
    in OSJ77.

  121. Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove (Collared-Dove) Shirako-bato
    • S. d. decaocto

  122. Chalcophaps indica Emerald Dove Kin-bato
    • C. i. yamashinai = indica

  123. Treron sieboldii White-bellied Green-Pigeon (Japanese Green Pigeon) Ao-bato
    • T. s. sieboldii

  124. Treron formosae Whistling Green-Pigeon (Red-capped or Formosa Green-Pigeon) Zuaka-ao-bato
    • T. f. permagnus
    • T. f. medioximus

  125. Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard Hime Nogan
    One record

  126. Otis tarda Great Bustard Nogan
    • O. t. dybowskii

  127. Grus leucogeranus Siberian Crane Sodeguro-zuru

  128. Grus vipio White-naped Crane Mana-zuru

  129. Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane Kanada-zuru
    • G. c. candensis

  130. Grus virgo Demoiselle Crane Aneha-zuru

  131. Grus grus Common Crane Kuro-zuru
    • G. g. lilfordi

  132. Grus monacha Hooded Crane Nabe-zuru
    Hybrids between Hooded and Common Cranes exist

  133. Grus japonensis Red-crowned Crane Tanchou

  134. Coturnicops exquisitus Swinhoe's Rail (Swinhoe's Yellow Rail) Shima-kuina
    C. noveboracensis in JSPB

  135. Rallina eurizonoides Slaty-legged Crake (Philippine Banded Crake) Ou-kuina
    • R. e. sepiaria

  136. Gallirallus okinawae Okinawa Rail Yambaru-kuina

  137. Rallus aquaticus Water Rail Kuina
    • R. a. indicus

  138. Amaurornis phoenicurus White-breasted Waterhen Shirohara-kuina
    • A. p. chinensis
    Invader since 70's

  139. Porzana pusilla Baillon's Crake Hime-kuina
    • p. p. pusilla

  140. Porzana fusca Ruddy-breasted Crake (Ruddy Crake) Hikuina
    • P. f. erytrothorax
    • P. f. phaeopyga

  141. Porzana paykullii Band-bellied Crake Kourai-hikuina
    Check-list of Japanese birds 6th edition

  142. Porzana cinerea White-browed Crake (Ashy Crake) Mamijiro-kuina
    Extinct in Japan since 1911 or 1924-25

  143. Gallicrex cinerea Watercock Tsuru-kuina

  144. Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen Seikei

  145. Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen Ban
    • G. c. indica

  146. Fulica atra Common Coot (Eurasian Coot) Oo-ban
    • F. a. atra

  147. Syrrhaptes paradoxus Pallas's Sandgrouse Sakei
    Less than ten records

  148. Scolopax rusticola Eurasian Woodcock Yama-Shigi

  149. Scolopax mira Amami Woodcock Amami-yama-shigi

  150. Gallinago solitaria Solitary Snipe Ao-shigi
    • G. s. japonica

  151. Gallinago hardwickii Latham's Snipe (Japanese Snipe) Ouji-shigi

  152. Gallinago stenura Pintail Snipe (Pin-tailed Snipe) Hario-shigi

  153. Gallinago megala Swinhoe's Snipe Chuuji-shigi

  154. Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe Ta-shigi
    • G. g. gallinago

  155. Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe Ko-shigi

  156. Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit Oguro-shigi
    • L. l. melanuroides

  157. Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit Ou-sorihashi-shigi
    • L. l. menzbieri
    • L. l. baueri

  158. Numenius minutus Little Curlew Koshaku-shigi

  159. Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel Chuushaku-shigi
    • N. p. variegatus

  160. Numenius tahitiensis Bristle-thighed Curlew Harimomo-chuushaku-shigi
    Less than 15 records

  161. Numenius tenuirostris Slender-billed Curlew Shirohara-chuushaku-shigi

  162. Numenius arquata Eurasian Curlew Daishaku-shigi
    • N. a. orientalis

  163. Numenius madagascariensis Far-Eastern Curlew (Eastern Curlew) Houroku-shigi

  164. Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank Tsuru-shigi

  165. Tringa totanus Common Redshank Akaashi-shigi
    • T. t. eurhinus

  166. Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper Ko-aoashi-shigi

  167. Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank Aoashi-shigi

  168. Tringa guttifer Nordmann's Greenshank (Spotted Greenshank) Karafuto-aoashi-shigi

  169. Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs Ou-kiashi-shigi
    Seven records

  170. Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs Ko-kiashi-shigi
    Six records

  171. Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper Kusa-shigi

  172. Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper Takabu-shigi

  173. Tringa cinerea Terek Sandpiper Sorihashi-shigi

  174. Tringa hypoleucos Common Sandpiper Iso-shigi

  175. Tringa brevipes Grey-tailed Tattler Kiashi-shigi

  176. Tringa incana Wandering Tattler Meriken-kiashi-shigi

  177. Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone Kyoujo-shigi
    • A. i. interpres

  178. Arenaria melanochephala Black Turnstone Kuro-youjo-shigi
    • A. melanochephala
    Observed by Norio Yamagata on Kirritapu at Januari 3, 1998. No photographic record. (Communicated by Ikenaga-san and Katayama-san)

  179. Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher Amerika-ouhashi-shigi
    Two records

  180. Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher Ou-hashi-shigi

  181. Limnodromus semipalmatus Asian Dowitcher Siberia-ouhashi-shigi

  182. Calidris tenuirostris Great Knot Oba-shigi

  183. Calidris canutus Red Knot Ko-oba-shigi
    • C. c. rogersi

  184. Calidris alba Sanderling Miyubi-shigi

  185. Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper Hime-hama-shigi
    More than a dozen records

  186. Calidris minuta Little Stint Youroppa-tounen (Nishi-tounen)

  187. Calidris ruficollis Red-necked Stint Tounen

  188. Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint Ojiro-tounen

  189. Calidris subminuta Long-toed Stint Hibari-shigi

  190. Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper Amerika-hibari-shigi
    Three records only

  191. Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper Hime-uzura-shigi
    Fewer than twenty records

  192. Calidris melanotos Pectoral Sandpiper Amerika-uzura-shigi

  193. Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Uzura-shigi

  194. Calidris ptilocnemis Rock Sandpiper Chishima-shigi
    • C. p. couesi

  195. Calidris alpina Dunlin Hama-shigi
    • C. a. sakhalina

  196. Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper Saruhama-shigi

  197. Micropalama himantopus Stilt Sandpiper Ashinaga-shigi
    Three records

  198. Tryngites subruficollis Buff-breasted Sandpiper Komon-shigi

  199. Eurynorhynchus pygmeus Spoonbill Sandpiper Hera-shigi

  200. Limicola falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper Kiriai
    • L. f. sibirica

  201. Philomachus pugnax Ruff Erimaki-shigi

  202. Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope Amerika-hireashi-shigi
    Two records

  203. Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope (Northern Phalarope) Akaeri-hireashi-shigi

  204. Phalaropus fulicaria Grey Phalarope (Red Phalarope) Haiiro-hireashi-shigi

  205. Rostratula benghalensis Greater Painted-snipe (Painted Snipe) Tama-shigi
    • R. b. benghalensis

  206. Hydrophasianus chirurgus Pheasant-tailed Jacana Renkaku
    Fewer than twenty records

  207. Haematopus ostralegus Eurasian Oystercatcher (Common Oystercatcher) Miyakodori
    • H. o. osculans

  208. Himantopus himantopus Black-winged Stilt Seitaka-shigi
    • H. h. himantopus

  209. Himantopus leucocephalus White-headed Stilt Ousutoraria-seitaka-shigi
    Two records

  210. Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet Sorihashi Seitaka-shigi

  211. Pluvialis fulva Pacific Golden-Plover Munaguro

  212. Pluvialis dominicus American Golden-Plover Amerika-munaguro

  213. Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover (Black-bellied Plover) Daizen

  214. Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover Hajiro-ko-chidori
    • C. h. tundrae

  215. Charadrius placidus Long-billed Plover Ikaru-chidori
    • C. p. japonicus

  216. Charadrius dubius Little Ringed Plover Ko-chidori
    • C. d. curonicus

  217. Charadrius alexandrinus Kentish Plover (Snowy Plover) Shiro-chidori
    • C. a. nihonensis
    • C. a. alexandrinus

  218. Charadrius mongolus Mongolian Plover (Lesser Sandplover) Medai-chidori
    • C. m. mongolus
    • C. m. stegmanni

  219. Charadrius leschenaultii Greater Sand Plover Ou-medai-chidori

  220. Charadrius asiaticus Caspian Plover (Oriental Plover) Ou-chidori

  221. Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel Kobashi-chidori

  222. Vanellus vanellus Northern Lapwing Tageri

  223. Vanellus cinereus Grey-headed Lapwing Keri

  224. Glareola maldivarum Oriental Pratincole Tsubame-chidori

  225. Catharacta maccormicki South Polar Skua Ou-touzoku-kamome

  226. Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger (Pomerine Skua) Touzoku-kamome

  227. Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger (Arctic Jaeger or Skua) Kuro-touzoku-kamome

  228. Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger (Long-tailed Skua) Shirohara-touzoku-kamome

  229. Larus crassirostris Black-tailed Gull Umineko

  230. Larus canus Common Gull Kamome
    • L. c. kamchatschensis

  231. Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull Kurowa-kamome
    First record in 1985 according to JSPB, but possibly Relict gull according to Brazil. However a newer record also exist

  232. Larus californicus California Gull Karifuorinia--kamome
    First record in 1988 according to JSPB

  233. Larus glaucescens Glaucous-winged Gull Washi-kamome

  234. Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull Shiro-kamome

  235. Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull Aisurando-kamome
    • L. g. kumlieni
    L. g. k. is most likely subspecies

  236. Larus thayeri Thayer's Gull Kanada-kamome
    Species status is unclear. Two records.

  237. Larus argentatus Herring Gull Seguro-kamome
    • L. a. vegae
    Vegae is considerd a species by some

  238. Larus schistisagus Slaty-backed Gull Ou-seguro-kamome

  239. Larus cachinnans Yellow-legged Gull ???Kiashi-seguro-kamome
    Accidental. Latin name is debatable: L. taimyrensis or L. heuglini mongolicus seems to be the modern insight.

  240. Larus fuscus Lesser Black-backed Gull Nishi-seguro-kamome
    First record in 1987 according to JSPB

  241. Larus ichthyaetus Great Black-headed Gull (Pallas's Gull !?) Ou-zuguro-kamome

  242. Larus ridibundus Black-headed Gull Yuri-kamome
    • L. r. sibiricus

  243. Larus genei Slender-billed Gull Hashiboso-kamome

  244. Larus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull Bonaparuto-kamome
    Two records only

  245. Larus saundersi Saunders's Gull Zuguro-kamome

  246. Larus relictus Relict Gull Gobi-zukin-kamome
    Two records only

  247. Larus pipixcan Franklin's Gull Amerika-zuguro-kamome
    Three records only

  248. Larus minutus Little Gull Hime-kamome

  249. Pagophila eburnea Ivory Gull Zoge-kamome
    Accidental, three records

  250. Rhodostethia rosea Ross's Gull Hime-kubiwa-kamome

  251. Xema sabini Sabine's Gull Kubiwa-kamome
    One record, 1909

  252. Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake Mitsuyubi-kamome
    • R. t. pollicaris

  253. Rissa brevirostris Red-legged Kittiwake Akaashi-mitsuyubi-kamome

  254. Sterna nilotica Gull-billed Tern Hashibuto-ajisashi

  255. Sterna caspia Caspian Tern Oni-ajisashi

  256. Sterna bergii Great Crested-Tern (Crested Tern) Oo-ajisashi
    • S. b. cristata

  257. Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern Beni-ajisashi
    • S. d. bangsi

  258. Sterna sumatrana Black-naped Tern Eriguro-ajisashi
    • S. s. sumatrana

  259. Sterna hirundo Common Tern Ajisashi
    • S. h. longipennis
    • S. h. minussensis

  260. Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern Kyoku-ajisashi

  261. Sterna albifrons Little Tern Ko-ajisashi
    • S. a. sinensis

  262. Sterna aleutica Aleutian Tern Koshijiro-ajisashi

  263. Sterna lunata Grey-backed Tern (Spectacled Tern) Nanyo-mamijiro-ajisashi

  264. Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern Mamijiro-ajisashi
    • S. a. anaethetus

  265. Sterna fuscata Sooty Tern Seguro-ajisashi
    • S. f. nubilosa

  266. Chlidonias hybridus Whiskered Tern Kurohara-ajisashi
    • C. h. javanica

  267. Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern Hajiro-kurohara-ajisashi

  268. Chlidonias niger Black Tern Hashiguro-kurohara-ajisashi
    • C. n. niger

  269. Anous stolidus Brown Noddy (Common Noddy) Kuro-ajisashi
    • A. s. pileatus
    • A. s. pullus

  270. Anous tenuirostris Lesser Noddy (Black Noddy) Hime-kuro-ajisashi
    • A. t. marcusi

  271. Procelsterna cerulea Blue-grey Noddy (Grey Ternlet) Haiiro-ajisashi
    Two records

  272. Gygis alba Common White-Tern (Fairy Tern or White Noddy) Shiro-ajisashi
    • G. a. candidus
    Accidental, only one record since 1954

  273. Alle alle Dovekie Hime-umisuzume
    recent accidental on Check-list of Japanese birds 6th edition

  274. Uria aalge Common Murre (Common Guillemot) Umigarasu
    • U. a. inornata

  275. Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre (BrĂșnnich's Guillemot) Hashibuto-hmigarasu
    • U. l. arra

  276. Cepphus columba Pigeon Guillemot Umibato
    • C.c. kaiurka
    • C. c. snowi

  277. Cepphus carbo Spectacled Guillemot Keimafuri

  278. Brachyramphus marmoratus Marbled Murrelet Madara-umisuzume
    • B. m. perdix
    B. perdix = Long-billed murrelet (41st Supplement to the AOU checklist, Auk, July 1997)

  279. Brachyramphus brevirostris Kittlitz's Murrelet Madara-umisuzume
    Two records

  280. Synthliboramphus antiquus Ancient Murrelet Umisuzume

  281. Synthliboramphus wumizusume Japanese Murrelet Kanmuri-umisuzume

  282. Cyclorrhynchus psittacula Parakeet Auklet Umioumu

  283. Aethia cristatella Crested Auklet Etorofu-umisuzume

  284. Aethia pygmaea Whiskered Auklet Shirahige-umisuzume

  285. Aethia pusilla Least Auklet Ko-umisuzume

  286. Cerorhinca monocerata Rhinoceros Auklet Utou

  287. Fratercula corniculata Horned Puffin Tsunomedori

  288. Fratercula cirrhata Tufted Puffin Etopirika

  289. Pandion haliaetus Osprey Misago
    • P. h. haliaetus

  290. Pernis ptilorhyncus Oriental Honey-buzzard (Crested Honey Buzzard) Hachikuma
    • P. p. japonicus
    P. p. japonicus = P. p. orientalis

  291. Elanus caeruleus Black-winged Kite (Black-shouldered kite) Haguro-tobi
  292. Kataguro-tobi
    • E. c. hypoleucus
    Shinji Koyama and others photographed and video recorded one bird on 6 January 1995 on Ishigaki (Birder 98, 1995). One record. Japanese name means Black-shouldered Kite.

  293. Milvus migrans Black-eared Kite Tobi
    Formerly M. migrans l.: Species according to S/M

  294. Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Eagle Ojiro-washi

  295. Haliaeetus pelagicus Steller's Sea-Eagle Ou-washi
    • H. p. pelagicus
    H. p. niger is doubtful Korean subspecies

  296. Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture Kuro-hagewashi

  297. Spilornis cheela Crested Serpent-Eagle Kanmuri-washi
    • S. c. perplexus
    Following Fergusson-Lee Brazil gives S. c. p. species status

  298. Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-Harrier Youroppa-Chuuhi
    • C. a. aeruginosus
    Recent accidental

  299. Circus spilonotus Eastern Marsh-Harrier Chuuhi

  300. Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier (Hen Harrier) Haiiro-chuhi

  301. Circus melanoleucos Pied Harrier Madara-chuhi

  302. Accipiter soloensis Chinese Goshawk (Chinese Sparrowhawk or Grey Frog Hawk) Akahara-taka

  303. Accipiter gularis Japanese Sparrowhawk Tsumi
    • A. g. gullaris
    • A. g. iwasakii

  304. Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Northern Sparrowhawk) Hai-taka
    • A. n. nisosimilus
    • A. n. pallens

  305. Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk Ou-taka
    • A. g. fujiyamae
    • A. g. schedowi
    • A. g. albidus

  306. Butastur indicus Grey-faced Buzzard Sashiba

  307. Buteo buteo Common Buzzard Nosuri
    • B. b. japonicus
    • B. b. toyoshimai
    • B. b. oshiroi

  308. Buteo hemilasius Upland Buzzard Ou-nosuri

  309. Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Hawk Keashi-nosuri
    • B. l. menzbieri
    B. l. kamtschatkensis should be possible

  310. Aquila clanga Greater Spotted Eagle Karafuto-washi

  311. Aquila heliaca Imperial Eagle Katashiro-washi

  312. Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle Inu-washi
    • A. c. japonica

  313. Spizaetus nipalensis Mountain Hawk-Eagle (Hodgson's Hawk Eagle Kuma-taka
    • S. n. orientalis

  314. Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel Hime-chougenbou

  315. Falco tinnunculus Common Kestrel (Eurasian Kestrel) Chougenbou
    • F. t. interstinctus

  316. Falco amurensis Amur Falcon (Eastern Red-footed Falcon ) Akaashi-chougenbou

  317. Falco columbarius Merlin Ko-chougenbou
    • F. c. insignis
    • F. c. pacificus

  318. Falco subbuteo Eurasian Hobby Chigo-hayabusa
    • F. s. subbuteo

  319. Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon Shiro-hayabusa

  320. Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon Hayabusa
    • F. p. japonensis
    • F. p. pealei
    • F. p. calidus
    • F. p. furuitii

  321. Tachybaptus ruficollis Little Grebe Kaitsuburi
    • T. r. poggei
    • T. r. kunikyonis
    T. r. kunikyonis is mentioned in OJS97, and does not occur in BoJ.

  322. Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe Akaeri-kaitsuburi
    • P. g. holboellii

  323. Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe Kanmuri-kaitsuburi
    • P. c. cristatus

  324. Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe) Mimi-kaitsuburi
    • P. a. auritus

  325. Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe (Eared Grebe) Hajiro-kaitsuburi
    • P. n. nigricollis

  326. Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird Akao-nettaichou
    • P. r. melanorhynchus
    Occurs as P. r. rothschildi in BoJ and OSJ97. HBW includes these birds of the C Pacific in P. r. melanorhynchus.

  327. Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird Shirao-nettaichou
    • P. l. dorotheae

  328. Sula dactylatra Masked Booby (Blue-faced Booby) Aotsura-katsuodori
    • S. d. personata

  329. Sula sula Red-footed Booby Aka-ashi-katsuodori
    • S. s. rubripes

  330. Sula leucogaster Brown Booby Katsuodori
    • S. l. plotus

  331. Phalacrocorax melanoleucos Little Pied Cormorant Shiroharakobito-u
      P. m. ?
    One non-photographed record from 1955 (BoJ). Not mentioned in OSJ97

  332. Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant Kawa-u
    • P. c. hanedae
    HBW states that P. c. hanedae may be better considered to be synonymous with P. c. sinensis

  333. Phalacrocorax capillatus Japanese Cormorant (Temminck's Cormorant) Umi-u

  334. Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced Cormorant Chishima-ugarasu

  335. Phalacrocorax pelagicus Pelagic Cormorant Hime-u
    • P. p. pelagicus

  336. Egretta garzetta Little Egret Ko-sagi
    • E. g. garzetta

  337. Egretta eulophotes Chinese Egret (Swinhoe's egret) Kara-shira-sagi

  338. Egretta sacra Eastern Reef-egret (Pacific Reef-egret) Kuro-sagi
    • E. s. sacra

  339. Ardea cinerea Grey Heron Ao-sagi
    • A. c. jouyi

  340. Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Murasaki-sagi
    • A. p. manilensis

  341. Ardea alba Great White Egret (Great Egret) Dai-sagi
    • A. a. alba
    • A. a. modesta
    This species belongs in HBW and OSJ97 to genus Egretta.

  342. Ardea intermedia Intermediate Egret Chuu-sagi
    • A. i. intermedia
    This species belongs in HBW to genus Egretta.

  343. Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret Ama-sagi
    • B. i. coromandus

  344. Ardeola bacchus Chinese Pond-Heron Akagashira-sagi

  345. Butorides striatus Striated Heron (Little Heron, Green-backed heron) Sasa-goi
    • B. s. amurensis

  346. Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron Goi-sagi
    • N. n. nycticorax

  347. Nycticorax caledonicus Rufous Night-Heron Hashibuto-goi
    • N. c. crassirostris
    Extinct in Japan

  348. Gorsachius goisagi Japanese Night-Heron Mizo-goi

  349. Gorsachius melanolophus Malayan Night-Heron Zuguro-mizo-goi
    Monotypic in [HBW]. Occurs as G. m. melanolophus in [BoJ] and OSJ97.

  350. Ixobrychus sinensis Yellow Bittern Yoshi-goi
    Monotypic in [HBW]. Duotypic in [BoJ] and OSJ97: I. s. sinensis & I. s. bryani .

  351. Ixobrychus eurhythmus Schrenck's Bittern Ou-yoshi-goi

  352. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus Cinnamon Bittern Ryukyu-yoshi-goi

  353. Dupetor flavicollis Black Bittern Takasago-kuro-sagi
    Monotypic. Occurs as Ixobrychus f. in [HBW]. Occurs as Ixobrychus f. flavicollis in OSJ97. Accidental, one record.

  354. Botaurus stellaris Great Bittern Sankano-goi
    • B. s. stellaris

  355. Threskiornis melanocephalus Black-headed Ibis (Oriental White Ibis) Kuro-toki

  356. Nipponia nippon Crested Ibis (Japanese Crested Ibis) Toki
    Monotypic. Extinct in Japan

  357. Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill (White Spoonbill) Herasagi
      Platalea l. leucorodia
    Occurs as P. l. in [BoJ]. Occurs as P. l. major in OJS97, but [HBW] is sceptic about validity of subspecies status of asian populations.

  358. Platalea minor Black-faced Spoonbill Kuro-tsura-herasagi

  359. Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican (Eastern White Pelican) Momo-iro-perikan
    Monotypic. Accidental.

    Pelecanus philippensis Spot-billed Pelican (Dalmatian Pelican) Haiiro-perikan

    Monotypic. Due to splitting unclear whether it has been recorded in Japan. Not in OSJ70 and OS97.

  360. Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican Garanchou Monotypic. Accidental. Two species are possibly not separated by observers

  361. Ciconia nigra Black Stork Nabe-kou
    Monotypic. Accidental since Meiji

  362. Ciconia boyciana Oriental Stork (Eastern White Stork) Kounotori

  363. Fregata minor Great Frigatebird Ou-gunkandori
    • F. m. minor

  364. Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird Ko-gunkandori
    • F. a. ariel

  365. Fregata andrewsi Christmas Island Frigatebird Shirohara-gunkandori
    Monotypic. One record, an initially misidentified Lesser Frigatebird

  366. Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon Abi
    Monotypic. Listed as G. s. stellata in BoJ

  367. Gavia arctica Arctic Loon Ouhamu
    • G. a. viridigularis
    Treated formerly as one species with Pacific Loon. Brazil comments "Obscure status". Modern view according to Birding world

  368. Gavia pacifica Pacific Loon Shiroeri-ouhamu
    Monotypic. But treated in HBW as subspecies of G. Arctica.

  369. Gavia adamsii Yellow-billed Loon Hashijiro-abi

  370. Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar Furuma-kamome
    • F. g. rodgersii

  371. Pterodroma nigripennis Black-winged Petrel Haguro-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. Accidental

  372. Pterodroma inexpectata Mottled Petrel Madara-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. Accidental, 1986, 1987

  373. Pterodroma hypoleuca Bonin Petrel Shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. P. h.hypoleuca in BoJ. Subspecies not emntioned in [OSJ97].

  374. Pterodroma longirostris Stejneger's Petrel Hime-shirohara-mizunagidori

  375. Pterodroma pycrofti Pycroft's Petrel Ume-hime-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. One possible observation by McWhirter, no evidential photograph

  376. Pterodroma sandwichensis Hawaiian Petrel Hawai-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic in SM. Occurs in HBW, BoJ and OSJ97. as P. phaeopygia sandwichensis a subspecies of Dark-rumped petrel. One record.

  377. Pterodroma neglecta Kermadec Petrel Kawari-shirohara-mizunagidori
    • P. p. ?
    Accidental, presumably P. p. neglecta (BoJ). Subspecies not mentioned in OSJ97

  378. Pterodroma externa Juan Fernandez Petrel Ou-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic in HBW. Does not occur on its own as species in SM. Occurs in OSJ97. Does not occur as subspecies P. e. externa in BoJ. Accidental.

  379. Pterodroma cervicalis White-necked Petrel ?-Ou-shirohara-mizunagidori
    Monotypic in HBW. Does not occur on its own as species in SM. Treated as subspecies P. e. cervicalis in BoJ. of P. externa, Juan Fernandez Petrel. Accidental (BoJ).

  380. Pterodroma solandri Providence Petrel (Solander's Petrel) Hajiro-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. Accidental. Does not occure in OSJ97.

  381. Bulweria bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel Anadori

  382. Calonectris leucomelas Streaked Shearwater Ou-mizunagidori

  383. Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed Shearwater Onaga-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. HBW states that several subspecies have been proposed, but that considerable individual variation disrupts patterns. Occurs as P. p. chlororhynchus in BoJ. But as P. p. cuneatus in OSJ97.

  384. Puffinus bulleri Buller's Shearwater (New Zealand Shearwater) Minami-onaga-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. Accidental

  385. Puffinus carneipes Flesh-footed Shearwater (Pale-footed Shearwater) Akaashi-mizunagidori

  386. Puffinus griseus Sooty Shearwater Haiiro-mizunagidori

  387. Puffinus tenuirostris Short-tailed Shearwater (Slender-billed Shearwater) Hashiboso-mizunagidori

  388. Puffinus nativitatis Christmas Island Shearwater Ko-mizunagidori
    Monotypic. Accidental

  389. Puffinus lherminieri Audubon's Shearwater Seguro-mizunagidori
    • P. l. bannermani

  390. Diomedea exulans Wandering Albatross Watari-ahoudori
    • D. e. ?
    Accidental, one record of two captured birds near Senkaku Islands, 1970 (BoJ). Not mentioned in [OSJ97].

  391. Diomedea albatrus Short-tailed Albatross (Steller's Albatross) Ahoudori

  392. Diomedea nigripes Black-footed Albatross Kuroashi-ahoudori

  393. Diomedea immutabilis Laysan Albatross Ko-ahoudori

  394. Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's Storm-petrel Ashinaga-umitsubame
    • O. o. exasperatus

  395. Oceanodroma microsoma Least Storm-petrel Ko-umitsubame
    Monotypic. One record, not supported by photograph
    . Not mentioned in OSJ97.

  396. Oceanodroma castro Band-rumped Storm-petrel Kuro-koshijiro-umitsubame
    Monotypic. Occurs as O. c. kumagai in BoJ. Is called Madeiran Storm-petrel in HBW. Subspecies not mentioned in OSJ97.

  397. Oceanodroma leucorhoa Leach's Storm-petrel Koshijiro-umitsubame
    • O. l. leucorhoa

  398. Oceanodroma monorhis Swinhoe's Storm-petrel Hime-kuro-umitsubame

  399. Oceanodroma tristrami Tristram's Storm-petrel Ousuton-umitsubame

  400. Oceanodroma matsudairae Matsudaira's Storm-petrel Kuro-kmitsubame

  401. Oceanodroma furcata Fork-tailed Storm-petrel Haiiro-umitsubame
    • O. f. furcata

  402. Pitta sordida Hooded Pitta Zuguro-yairochou
    • P. s. cucullata
    One record, 1984 as mentioned in BoJ. Occurs not in checklist OJS97 because of (1,2,5) [reasons I still have to translate]

  403. Pitta nympha Fairy Pitta Yairochou

  404. Melopsittacus undulatus Budgerigar Sekisei-inko
    Former escape bird

  405. Psittacula krameri Rose-ringed Parakeet Wakake-honsei-inko
    Former escape bird

  406. Apalopteron familiare Bonin White-eye (Bonin Islands Honeyeater) Meguro
    • A. f. familiare
    • A. f. hahashima
    A. f. f. is extinct

  407. Lanius tigrinus Tiger Shrike Chigo-mozu

  408. Lanius bucephalus Bull-headed Shrike Mozu
    • L. b. bucephalus

  409. Lanius cristatus Brown Shrike Aka-mozu
    • L. c. superciliosus
    • L. c. lucionensis
    • L. c. cristatus
    L.c. cristatus is mentioned in Okinawa-checklist

  410. Lanius schach Long-tailed Shrike Takasago-mozu
    Accidental, two records

  411. Lanius excubitor Northern Shrike (Great Grey Shrike) Ou-mozu
    • L. e. bianchii
    • L. e. mollis

  412. Lanius sphenocercus Chinese Grey Shrike Ou-kara-mozu
    • L. s. sphenocercus

  413. Garrulus glandarius Eurasian Jay Kakesu
    • G. g. brandtii
    • G. g. japonicus
    • G. g. tokugawae
    • G. g. hiugaensis
    • G. g. orii

  414. Garrulus lidthi Lidth's Jay Ruri-k akesu

  415. Cyanopica cyana Azure-winged Magpie Onaga
    • C. c. japonica

  416. Pica pica Black-billed Magpie Kasasagi
    • P. p. sericea

  417. Nucifraga caryocatactes Spotted Nutcracker (Eurasian Nutcracker) Hoshi-garasu
    • N. c. macrorhynchos
    • N. c. N. c. japonica

  418. Corvus monedula Eurasian Jackdaw (Common Jackdaw) Nishi-kokumaru-garasu
    One record

  419. Corvus dauuricus Daurian Jackdaw Kokumaru-garasu

  420. Corvus splendens House Crow Ie-garasu
    One, possibly ship assisted record

  421. Corvus frugilegus Rook Miyama-garasu
    • C. f. pastinator

  422. Corvus corone Carrion Crow Hashiboso-garasu
    • C. c. orientalis

  423. Corvus macrorhynchos Large-billed Crow (Jungle Crow) Hashibuto-garasu
    • C. m. japonensis
    • C. m. mandshuricus
    • C. m. connectens
    • C. m. osai

  424. Corvus corax Common Raven (Northern Raven) Watari-garasu
    • C. c. kamschaticus

  425. Artamus leucorynchus White-breasted Woodswallow Mori-tsubame
    One record

  426. Oriolus chinensis Black-naped Oriole Kourai-uguisu
    • O. c. diffusus

  427. Coracina melaschistos Black-winged Cuckooshrike Asakura-sanshoukui
    Two records

  428. Pericrocotus divaricatus Ashy Minivet Sanshoukui

  429. Pericrocotus tegimae Ryukyu Minivet Ryukyu-sanshoukui

  430. Dicrurus macrocercus Black Drongo Ouchu

  431. Dicrurus leucophaeus Ashy Drongo Haiiro-ouchuu
    • Dicrurus l. leucophaeus
    • Dicrurus l. longicaudus
    Recent accidental. For instance observed at the island Yonakuni close to Taiwan during October 13-15, 1997 by Kenji Takehara. His clear photographs show unmistakenly an Ashy Drongo. The bird seems light greyish, with a forked tail, black lores and white patches around the eyes. This indicates the subspecies leucophaeus. In March 1998 Kenji Takehara made a photograph on the same island of D. l. longicaudus.

  432. Terpsiphone atrocaudata Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher (Black Flycatcher) Sankouchou
    • T. a. atrocaudata
    • T. a. illex

  433. Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing Ki-renjaku
    • B. g. centralasia

  434. Bombycilla japonica Japanese Waxwing Hi-renjaku

  435. Cinclus pallasii Brown Dipper Kawagarasu
    • C. p. pallasii

  436. Monticola saxatilis Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush (Common Rock Thrush) Koshijiro-isohiyo
    One recent record

  437. Monticola gularis White-throated Rock-Thrush (White breasted Rock-Thrush) Hime-isohiyo
    Two recent records

  438. Monticola solitarius Blue Rock-Thrush Iso-hiyodori
    • M. s. philippensis
    • M. s. pandoo
    >M. s. pandoo not mentioned ion OSJ97

  439. Zoothera sibirica Siberian Thrush Mamijiro
    • Z. s. davisoni

  440. Zoothera dauma Scaly Thrush (White's Thrush) Tora-tsugumi
    • Z. d. aureus
    • Z. d. major
    • Z. d. horsfieldi
    Z. d. major not mentioned in BOJ.

  441. Zoothera major Amami Thrush Ou-tora-tsugumi

  442. Zoothera terrestris Bonin Thrush (Kittlitz's Thrush) Ogasawara-gabichou
    Ciclopasser t. in Brazil. Extinct since 1828.

  443. Turdus hortulorum Grey-backed Thrush Kara-akahara

  444. Turdus cardis Japanese Thrush (Grey Thrush) Kuro-tsugumi

  445. Turdus merula Eurasian Blackbird (Common Blackbird) Kuro-utadori
      T.m .mandarinus
    Subspecies not mentioned in BOJ.

  446. Turdus obscurus Eyebrowed Thrush (Grey-headed Thrush) Mamichajinai

  447. Turdus pallidus Pale Thrush Shirohara

  448. Turdus chrysolaus Brown-headed Thrush (Brown Thrush) Akahara
    • T.c.orii
    • T.c.chrysolaus
    Subspeices not mentioned in BOJ.

  449. Turdus celaenops Izu Thrush (Izu Islands Thrush) Akakokko
    Subspecies T. c. yakushimensis is not impossible

  450. Turdus ruficollis Dark-throated Thrush Nodoguro-tsugumi
    • T. r. ruficollis
    • T. r. atrogularis
    Accidental. T. r. ruficollis not mentioned in OSJ97.

  451. Turdus naumanni Dusky Thrush Tsugumi
    • T. r. eunomus
    • T. n. naumanni

  452. Turdus pilaris Fieldfare Nohara-tsugumi
    Accidental, three records

  453. Turdus iliacus Redwing Wakiaka-tsugumi
    • T. i. iliacus

  454. Turdus philomelos Song Thrush Uta-tsugumi
    One record, but confusion with T. mupinensis not excluded

  455. Turdus viscivorus Mistle Thrush Yadorigi-tsugumi
    One recent record

  456. Muscicapa griseisticta Grey-streaked Flycatcher Ezo-bitaki
    Definite evidence of breeding in Japan seems to be lacking

  457. Muscicapa sibirica Dark-sided Flycatcher (Sooty Flycatcher) Same-bitaki
    • M. s. sibirica

  458. Muscicapa dauurica Asian Brown Flycatcher Ko-same-bitaki

  459. Muscicapa ferruginea Ferruginous Flycatcher Miyama-bitaki
    Accidental,three records

  460. Ficedula zanthopygia Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Tricolored Flycatcher) Mamijiro-ki-bitaki

  461. Ficedula narcissina Narcissus Flycatcher Ki-bitaki
    • F. n. narcissina
    • F. n. owstoni

  462. Ficedula mugimaki Mugimaki Flycatcher Mugimaki

  463. Ficedula parva Red-breasted Flycatcher Ojiro-bitaki
    • F. p. parva
    • F. p. albicilla

  464. Cyanoptila cyanomelana Blue-and-white Flycatcher Ou-ruri
    • C. c. cyanomelana

  465. Niltava vivida Vivid Niltava Chabara-ohruri
    One male was captured at Nishizaki Junior-high school, Itoman-shi, Okinawa on 2 May 1989. It remains a possibility for being an escaped caged bird. The bird is common on Taiwan. Spring 98, photographed bird.

  466. Erithacus rubecula Eoropean Robin Youroppa-komadori
    Recent accidental

  467. Erithacus akahige Japanese Robin Komadori
    • E. a. akahige
    • E. a. tanensis

  468. Erithacus komadori Ryukyu Robin Akahige
    • E. k. komadori
    • E. k. namiyei
    E. k. subrufus = E. k. k

  469. Luscinia sibilans Rufous-tailed Robin (Swinkoe's Red-tailed Robin) Shima-goma

  470. Luscinia calliope Siberian Rubythroat Nogoma
    Oo-nogoma is a subspecies mentioned in Wild Birds of japan but not in OSJ97 and BOJ.

  471. Luscinia svecica Bluethroat Ogawa-komadori
    • L. s. svecicus
    Or indeed L. s. svecica as in Brazil?

  472. Luscinia cyane Siberian Blue Robin Ko-ruri

  473. Tarsiger cyanurus Red-flanked Bluetail Ruri-bitaki
    • T. c. cyanurus

  474. Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart Kuro-joubitaki
      P. o. ruficollis
    Accidental. Subspecies mentioned in OS97, but not in BoJ.

  475. Phoenicurus phoenicurus Redstart Shirobai-joubitaki
    Accidental, 1 record at Hegura Shima
    October 31-November 2, 1998. Picture (local copy)

  476. Phoenicurus auroreus Daurian Redstart Jou-bitaki
    • P. a. auroreus

  477. Saxicola torquata Common Stonechat (Stonechat) No-bitaki
    • S. t. stejnegeri

  478. Saxicola caprata Pied Bushchat Kuro-ko-bitaki
    One record, 1989

  479. Saxicola ferrea Grey Bushchat Yamazaki-bitaki
    Accidental, four records.

  480. Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear (Common Wheatear) Hashiguro-bitaki

  481. Oenanthe pleschanka Pied Wheatear Seguro-sabaku-bitaki

  482. Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear Sabaku-bitaki

  483. Oenanthe isabellina Isabelline Wheatear Inaba-bitaki

  484. Sturnus sericeus Red-billed Starling (Silky starling) Gin-mukudori

  485. Sturnus sturninus Purple-backed Starling (Daurian Starling) Siberia-mukudori

  486. Sturnus philippensis Chestnut-cheeked Starling (Red-cheeked Starling) Ko-mukudori

  487. Sturnus sinensis White-shouldered Starling (Chinese Starling) Kara-mukudori

  488. Sturnus roseus Rosy Starling Bara-iro-mukudori
    Recent record after 1991

  489. Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling Hoshi-Mukudori

  490. Sturnus cineraceus White-cheeked Starling (Grey Starling) Mukudori

  491. Acridotheres cristatellus Crested Myna Hakkachou

  492. Sitta europaea Wood Nuthatch (Eurasian Nuthatch) Gojuu-kara
    • S. e. asiatica
    • S. e. amurensis
    • S. e. roselia

  493. Certhia familiaris Eurasian Tree-Creeper (Common Tree-Creeper) Kibashiri
    • C. f. daurica
    • C. f. japonica

  494. Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren (Northern) Wren Misosazai
    • T. t. fumigatus
    • T. t. ogawae
    • T. t. orii
    T. t. orii almost certainly extinct, T. t. peninsula and T. t. dauricus require confirmation

  495. Remiz consobrinus Chinese Penduline-Tit (Asian Penduline-Tit) Tsurisu-gara
    Remiz pendulinus consobrinus in Brazil

  496. Parus palustris Marsh Tit Hashibuto-gara
    • P. p. hensoni

  497. Parus montanus Willow Tit Ko-gara
    • P. m. sachalinensis
    • P. m. restrictus
    P. m. s possibly equal to P. m. r

  498. Parus ater Coal Tit Hi-gara
    • P. a. insularis

  499. Parus major Great Tit Shijuu-kara
    • P. m. minor
    • P. m. amamiensis
    • P. m. okinawae
    • P. m. nigriloris

  500. Parus cyanus Azure Tit Ruri-gara
    One record, 1987

  501. Parus varius Varied Tit Yama-gara
    • P. v. varius
    • P. v. namiyei
    • P. v. owstoni
    • P. v. sunsunpi
    • P. v. yakushimensis
    • P. v. amamii
    • P. v. olivaceus
    • P. v. orii

  502. Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tit Enaga
    • A. c. japonicus
    • A. c. magnus
    • A. c. trivirgatus
    • A. c. kiusiuensis

  503. Riparia riparia Sand Martin (Bank Swallow) Shoudou-tsubame
    • R. r. iijimae

  504. Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow Tsubame
    • H. r. gutteralis
    • H. r. saturata

  505. Hirundo tahitica Pacific Swallow Ryukyu-tsubame
    • H. t. namiyei

  506. Hirundo daurica Red-rumped Swallow Koshiaka-tsubame
    • H. d. japonica

  507. Delichon urbica Northern House-Martin Iwa-tsubame ??
    • D. u. lagopoda
    Straggler. In 1992 Northern House martin [Nishi-Iwatsubame] was recorded in Japan as a straggler. Science name for the bird is D. urbica lagopoda. After then Northern House martin is recorded from Tobishima (Yamagata pref.), Hekura-jima (Ishikawa pref.) and Okinawa, according to Ikenaga-san

  508. Delichon dasypus Asian House-Martin Iwa-tsubame

  509. Regulus regulus Goldcrest Kikuitadaki
    • R. r. japonensis

  510. Pycnonotus sinensis Light-vented Bulbul (Chinese Bulbul) Shirogashira
    • P. s. orii

  511. Ixos amaurotis Brown-eared Bulbul Hiyodori
    • I. a. hensoni
    • I. a. amaurotis
    • I. a. ogawae
    • I. a. pryeri
    • I. a. stejnegeri
    • I. a. nagamichii
    • I. a. borodinonis
    • I. a. squamiceps
    • I. a. magnirostris

  512. Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola Sekka
    • C. j. bruniceps

  513. Prinia subflava Tawny-flanked Prinia Mamihauchiwadori
    One record, 1986

  514. Zosterops erythropleurus Chestnut-flanked White-eye Chousen-mejiro

  515. Zosterops japonicus Japanese White-eye Mejiro
    • Z. j. japonica
    • Z. j. stejnegeri
    • Z. j. alani
    • Z. j. insularis
    • Z. j. loochooensis
    • Z. j. daitoensis

  516. Urosphena squameiceps Asian Stubtail Yabusame

  517. Cettia diphone Japanese Bush-Warbler Uguisu
    • C. d. sakhalinensis
    • C. d. cantans
    • C. d. diphone
    • C. d. riukiuensis
    • C. d. restrictus
    • C. d. borearis
    C. d. b. in Checklist of Okinawa

  518. Locustella lanceolata Lanceolated Warbler Makino-senyu

  519. Locustella certhiola Pallas's Grasshopper-Warbler Siberia-sennyu

  520. Locustella ochotensis Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler Shima-sennyu
    In Brazil L.o and L. p are treated as belonging to one species

  521. Locustella pleskei Pleske's Grasshopper-Warbler Uchiyama-shima-sennyu
    In Brazil L.o and L. p are treated as belonging to one species

  522. Locustella fasciolata Gray's Grasshopper-Warbler Ezo-sennyu

  523. Acrocephalus bistrigiceps Black-browed Reed-Warbler Ko-yoshikiri

  524. Acrocephalus agricola Paddyfield Warbler Inada-yoshikiri
    Recent record

  525. Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed-Warbler Ou-yoshikiri
    In Brazil and JSPB: A. a. o = A. o

  526. Acrocephalus aedon Thick-billed Warbler Hashibuto-ou-yoshikiri
    One record 1927

  527. Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler Mori-mushiku
    One record 1981. Not in JSPB nor WSBJ

  528. Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler Mori-mushiku
    One record 1984. Also on forthcoming Check-list of Japanese birds 6th edition

  529. Phylloscopus fuscatus Dusky Warbler Muji-sekka
    Accidental, Records since 1982. In JSPB, not in WSJB.

  530. Phylloscopus schwarzi Radde's Warbler Karafuto-muji-sekka
    Accidental, records since 1985. In JSPB, not in WSJB.

  531. Phylloscopus proregulus Pallas's Leaf-Warbler Karafuto-mushikui
      P. p. proregulus

  532. Phylloscopus inornatus Inornate Warbler (Yellow-browed Warbler) Kimayu-mushikui
    • P. i. inornatus

  533. Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler Meboso-mushikui
    • P. b. borealis
    • P. b. xanthodryas

  534. Phylloscopus tenellipes Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler ??-mushikui
    Rare passage bird (Martens in Ibis). Japanese name Ezu-mushikui in Brazil should apply to Sakhalin warbler...

  535. Phylloscopus borealoides Sakhalin Leaf-Warbler Ezu-mushikui
    Martens in Ibis. Since this is the breeding species, this one should be called Ezu-mushikui.

  536. Phylloscopus coronatus Eastern Crowned-Warbler Sendai-mushikui

  537. Phylloscopus ijimae Ijima's Leaf-Warbler Iijima-mushikui

  538. Megalurus pryeri Japanese Swamp Warbler Ou-sekka
    • M. p. pryeri

  539. Panurus biarmicus Bearded Parrotbill (Bearded tit) Hige-gara
    • P. b. russicus

  540. Paradoxornis webbianus Vinous-throated Parrotbill (Webb's Parrotbill) Daruma-enaga
    Accidental, one recent record 1984.

  541. Sylvia curruca Lesser Whitethroat Kashimiya-mushikui
    Recent accidental

  542. Melanocorypha bimaculata Bimaculated Lark Kubiwa-koutenshi
    • M. b. torquata
    Accidental. Subspecies determined on geographic grounds

  543. Calandrella brachydactyla Greater Short-toed Lark Hime-koutenshi
    • C. b. longipennis

  544. Calandrella rufescens Lesser Short-toed Lark Ko-hibari

  545. Alauda arvensis Eurasian Skylark ??Youroppa-hibari
    • A. a. pekinensis
    • A. a. lonnbergi

  546. Alauda japonica Japanese Skylark Hibari
    In Brazil as A. a. japonica

  547. Eremophila alpestris Horned Lark (Shore Lark) Hama-hibari

  548. Passer domesticus House Sparrow Ie-suzume
    Breeding 1990, Hokkaido acording to Brazil

  549. Passer rutilans Russet Sparrow Nyuunai-suzume
    • P. r. rutilans

  550. Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow Suzume
    • P. m. saturatus

  551. Dendronanthus indicus Forest Wagtail Iwami-sekirei

  552. Motacilla alba White Wagtail Haku-sekirei
    • M. a. leucopsis
    • M. a. ocularis
    • M. a. baicalensis
    • M. a. alboides
    Iozawa photographed one young male M. a. alboides on 19 February 1994 on Sonai, Yonaguni for the first subspecies record in Japan

  553. Motacilla lugens Black-backed Wagtail Houzuro-haku-sekirei

  554. Motacilla grandis Japanese Wagtail Seguro-sekirei

  555. Motacilla citreola Citrine Wagtail Kigashira-sekirei

  556. Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail Tsumenaga-sekirei
    • M. f. simillima
    • M. f. taivana
    • M. f. macronyx
    • M. f. plexa

  557. Motacilla cinerea Grey Wagtail Ki-sekirei

  558. Anthus novaeseelandiae Australasian Pipit Mamijiro-tahibari
    • A. n. sinensis

  559. Anthus godlewskii Blyth's Pipit Ko-mamijiro-tahibari

  560. Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit Youroppa-binzui
    Accidental, four records

  561. Anthus hodgsoni Olive-backed Pipit Binzui

  562. Anthus gustavi Pechora Pipit Sejiro-tahibari
    Two subspecies A. g. gustavi or A. g menzbieri could occur in Japan

  563. Anthus cervinus Red-throated Pipit Muneaka-tahibari

  564. Anthus spinoletta Water Pipit Tahibari
    A. rubescens spinoletta in Brazil

  565. Anthus rubescens American Pipit (Buff-bellied pipit) Amerika-tahibari
    • A. r. pacificus
    rubiscens, spinoletta, pacifus... I don't understand.

  566. Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor Iwa-hibari
    • P. c. erythropygia

  567. Prunella montanella Siberian Accentor Yama-hibari
    Accidental or rare visitor

  568. Prunella rubida Japanese Accentor Kayakuguri
    • P. r. rubida
    • P. r. fervida

  569. Amandava amandava Red Avadavat Beni-suzume
    Former escape bird: not in WSBJ nor JSPB

  570. Lonchura striata White-rumped Munia Koshijiro-kinpara

  571. Lonchura punctulata Scaly-breasted Munia Amihara
    • L. p. topela
    • L. m. atricapilla
    New arrival or former escapebird. Subspecies as in Checklist of Okinawa.

  572. Lonchura malacca Black-headed Munia Kinpara
    (why was this one double in the list)

  573. Padda oryzivora Java Sparrow Bunchou
    Escape bird since 1796

  574. Fringilla montifringilla Brambling Atori

  575. Carduelis sinica Grey-capped Greenfinch (Oriental Greenfinch) Kawara-hiwa
    • C. s. minor
    • C. s. kawarahiba
    • C. s. kittlitzi

  576. Carduelis spinus Eurasian Siskin Ma-hiwa

  577. Carduelis carduelis European Goldfinch Goshiki-hiwa
    Recent accidental

  578. Carduelis hornemanni Hoary Redpoll (Artic Redpoll)
    • C. h. exilipes

  579. Carduelis flammea Common Redpoll Beni-hiwa
    • C. f. flammea

  580. Leucosticte arctoa Asian Rosy-Finch (Rosy-Finch) Hagi-mashiko
    • L. a. brunneonucha

  581. Uragus sibiricus Long-tailed Rosefinch Beni-mashiko
    • U. s. sanguinolentus

  582. Carpodacus erythrinus Common Rosefinch Aka-mashiko
    • C. e. grebnitskii

  583. Carpodacus roseus Pallas's Rosefinch Ou-mashiko

  584. Chaunoproctus ferreorostris Bonin Grosbeak Ogasawara-mashiko
    Extinct since 1828

  585. Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak Ginzan-mashiko

  586. Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill Isuka
    • L. c. japonica

  587. Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill (Two-barred Crossbill) Naki-isuka
    • L. l. bifasciata

  588. Pyrrhula pyrrhula Eurasian Bullfinch Uso
    • P. p. cassinii
    • P. p. rosacea
    • P. p. griseiventris

  589. Coccothraustes coccothraustes Hawfinch Shime
    • C. c. coccothraustes
    • C. c. japonicus

  590. Eophona migratoria Yellow-billed Grosbeak Ko-ikaru
    • E. m. migratoria

  591. Eophona personata Japanese Grosbeak Ikaru
    • E. p. personata

  592. Melophus lathami Crested Bunting Renjaku-nojiko
    • E. c. erythrogenys
    One female was photographed on Hoshidate, Iriomote on 27 May 1987 by Yoshimi (1992), for the first record in Japan.

  593. Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer Ki-aoji
    • E. c. erythrogenys

  594. Emberiza leucocephalos Pine Bunting Shiraga-houjiro
    • E. l. leucocephalos

  595. Emberiza cioides Meadow Bunting (Siberian Meadow Bunting ) Hojiro
    • E. c. ciopsis

  596. Emberiza hortulana Ortolan Bunting Zuao-houjiro
    Accidental, one record 1986

  597. Emberiza tristrami Tristram's Bunting Shirohara-houjiro

  598. Emberiza fucata Chestnut-eared Bunting (Grey-headed Bunting) Houaka
    • E. f. fucata

  599. Emberiza pusilla Little Bunting Ko-houaka

  600. Emberiza chrysophrys Yellow-browed Bunting Kimayu-houjiro

  601. Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting Kashiradaka
    • E. b. latifascia

  602. Emberiza elegans Yellow-throated Bunting Miyama-houjiro
    • E. e. elegans

  603. Emberiza aureola Yellow-breasted Bunting Shima-aoji
    • E. a. ornata

  604. Emberiza rutila Chestnut Bunting Shima-nojiko

  605. Emberiza melanocephala Black-headed Bunting Zuguro-chakinchou
    Accidental, twelve records

  606. Emberiza bruniceps Red-headed Bunting Chakinchou
    Accidental, twelve records

  607. Emberiza sulphurata Yellow Bunting (Japanese Yellow Bunting) Nojiko

  608. Emberiza spodocephala Black-faced Bunting Aoji
    • E. s. spodocephala
    • E. s. personata

  609. Emberiza variabilis Grey Bunting Kuroji

  610. Emberiza pallasi Pallas's Bunting Shiberia-jurin
    • E. p. polaris
    • E. p. pallasi

  611. Emberiza schoeniclus Reed Bunting (Common Reed Bunting) Ou-jurin
    • E. s. pyrrhulina

  612. Emberiza yessoensis Ochre-rumped Bunting (Japanese Reedbunting) Ko-jurin
    • E. y. yessoensis

  613. Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur Tsumenaga-houjiro

  614. Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting Yuki-houjiro
    • P. n. vlasowae

  615. Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow Gomafu-suzume
    • P. i. unalaschcensis
    Accidental, two records

  616. Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow Miyama-shitodo
    • Z. l. gambelii

  617. Zonotrichia atricapilla Golden-crowned Sparrow Kigashira-shitodo
    Accidental, four records.

  618. Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow Sabanna-shitodo

    Back to Birds of Japan and Asia
    May 24, 1998. Fer-Jan de Vries,
  619. Fer-Jan de Vries